The vitamin C is essential for the body’s health and should be consumed regularly to prevent deficiency. Although its lack is relatively rare in developed countries due to the availability of fresh products and the addition of vitamin C to certain foods and supplements, it still affects about 7% of adults in the United States.
The most common risk factors for vitamin C deficiency are poor diet, alcoholism, anorexia, mental illness, smoking and dialysis. On the other hand, while the symptoms of the lack of this vitamin may take months to develop, there are some signs to take into account. Therefore, know 10 signs of lack of vitamin C in order to avoid it.
Signs of low vitamin C
10 signs of lack of vitamin C
Vitamin C plays an important role in the production of collagen, a protein that is abundant in connective tissues such as skin, hair, joints, bones and blood vessels.
When there are low levels of vitamin C, a skin condition known as keratosis pilaris can develop. In this condition, the skin changes its appearance in areas such as the back of the arms and thighs due to an accumulation of keratin within the pores.
The keratosis pilaris caused by vitamin C deficiency usually occurs after 3 to 5 months and resolved with supplementation. However, there are many other potential causes of this pathology, so its presence alone is not enough to diagnose a deficiency.
The lack of this vitamin can also cause the hair to grow weakly due to defects in the protein structure of the hair as it grows.
Weak hair is one of the hallmarks of vitamin C deficiency, but it is sometimes not obvious, as hair damaged due to causes other than a lack of vitamin C is prone to falling off or falling off.
Capillary abnormalities often resolve within one month of treatment with appropriate amounts of vitamin C .
Weak, concave, and often thin and brittle nails are commonly associated with iron deficiency anemia, but they have also been linked to a lack of vitamin C.
For example, red spots or vertical lines on the nail bed, known as splinter hemorrhage, may also appear during vitamin C deficiency because of the ease with which blood vessels rupture.
4.Slow healing of wounds
Because the lack of vitamin C decreases the rate of collagen formation, it causes wounds to heal more slowly.
Research has shown that people with leg ulcers who do not heal are significantly more likely to have vitamin C deficiency. In severe cases of vitamin C deficiency, old wounds can reopen, increasing the risk of infection.
Since the joints contain a large amount of connective tissue rich in collagen, they can also be affected by vitamin C deficiency.
Many cases of joint pain associated with low vitamin C have been reported, often severe enough to cause difficulty walking. Bleeding inside the joints can also occur, causing swelling and additional pain; however, both symptoms can be treated with vitamin C supplements and usually resolve within a week.
The lack of vitamin C can affect bone health. In fact, low intake has been linked to an increased risk of fractures and osteoporosis.
Research has found that vitamin C plays a critical role in bone formation, so a deficiency can increase the rate of bone loss. For example, children’s bone health can be especially affected by vitamin C deficiency, as they are growing and developing.
Gums red, swollen and bleeding is another common sign of low vitamin C. Without an adequate amount of vitamin C, the gum tissue becomes weak and inflamed, and blood vessels break easily.
In advanced stages of vitamin C deficiency, the gums may even have a bad smell. In some cases the teeth may be lost due to diseased gums and weak dentin, the calcified inner layer of the teeth.
Studies show that vitamin C accumulates within several types of immune cells, helping to fight infections and destroy pathogens that cause disease.
For this reason, vitamin C deficiency is associated with low immunity and an increased risk of infection, including serious diseases such as pneumonia. In fact, many people with scurvy, a disease caused by vitamin C deficiency, eventually die of infection due to a malfunctioning immune system.
Vitamin C and iron deficiency anemia often occur together. Signs of iron deficiency anemia include paleness, fatigue, and shortness of breath during exercise, dry skin and hair, headache, and brittle nails.
Low levels of vitamin C can contribute to iron deficiency anemia by reducing the absorption of iron from foods of plant origin and adversely affect iron metabolism. It also increases the risk of excessive bleeding, which can contribute to the onset of anemia.
If iron deficiency anemia persists for a long time without obvious causes, it may be advisable to control vitamin C levels with the help of a supplement.
The Vitamin C may help protect against obesity by releasing fat, reduced stress hormones and decreasing inflammation.
Research has found a constant link between low vitamin C intake and excess body fat, but it is not clear if it is a cause and effect relationship. Interestingly, low blood levels of vitamin C have been linked to higher amounts of abdominal fat, even in normal-weight individuals.
Although excess body fat alone is not enough to indicate a vitamin C deficiency, it may be useful to examine this factor after others have been ruled out.