Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Common Questions and Answers.
Known with the acronym (HPV) Human Papillomavirus is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world and is represented in a group of viruses of the Papillomavizridae family. The first thing you should know is that there is not one but more than 100 types of HPV, however, only two strains are responsible for producing warts in the body especially in the genitals of those affected.
What Type of HPV Cause Vaginal Warts?
The strain of HPV 6 and 11 are those linked to genital warts. Its means of transmission is anal, oral and vaginal contact. People who have symptoms will develop genital pruritus and bleeding during or after sexual intercourse. In some patients, genital warts can heal spontaneously, that will depend on each one’s immune system, and they may not change their size as their number.
How do I Know That I Am Infected With HPV?
Being a type of asymptomatic disease in most cases it is difficult to appreciate that it is infected. If your immune system fails to defeat it, the Human Papillomavirus in any of its strains can cause warts on your skin usually in the form of lumps or group of pustules in the genital areas of both sexes. For this reason, you must recognize it in your partner because they are appreciated in different sizes, flat or high. They can also appear in the mouth and throat. You should know that when having a Pap test or Vaginal Cytology you can know exactly what type of HPV you have.
What are the Treatments for Genital Warts?
In cases of bulging in these areas, the ideal is to consult with the indicated professional. The recommended treatment is the application of 0.5% podophyllotoxin in solution or gel by applying it to the genital warts twice a day for 3 days, followed by 4 days of rest. Commercially it is available under the name of podofilox of Watson laboratories.
Do only Women Get HPV?
If you have heard this say, you can get it out of your mind, in a relationship of two you are both affected by this virus, a silent enemy that can affect many couples for years without even noticing it. There is a way to detect human papillomavirus (HPV) in men by urethral scraping cytology using liquid phase cytology. In view of the lack of gender awareness of this issue when these tests are performed, the lesions have progressed to cancer in the affected areas.
Does the Condom Protect Me From HPV?
The answer is yes, the use of condoms reduces the risk of infection as well as the likelihood of reinfection during the treatment stage. However, since it is a type of contact contagion virus, if the affected areas come into contact with the mouth or another organ, it will be likely to be infected.
Is there a Cure or HPV Vaccine?
There is no cure for this virus or any of this type, the truth is that there are prevention methods that can protect you and even reverse Papillomavirus depending on its type. The newly developed vaccine is named after Gardasil 9, developed by Sanofi Pasteur Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) laboratories. Like any vaccine, it stimulates the body to create antibodies that in the future will serve to bind to the virus and prevent it from infecting the cells.
Are HPV Vaccines Effective?
If administered in the correct doses: three doses, the risks of developing lesions in other parts of the body are reduced. Its effectiveness lies in 97% in the prevention of cervical diseases in women and cellular changes of anus caused by infection in men.
“As we have mentioned the early detection of Human Papillomavirus as its subsequent treatment can make a difference in cancer prevention”.
With Human Papillomavirus, am I at Risk of Cancer?
The answer is No. What you should know is that there are forty types of HPV that are sexually transmitted that can cause genital warts and become carcinogenic. The truth is that of the 150 types of HPV only high-risk strains 16 and 18, cause 70% of all cases of cervical cancer, while the strain of HPV 16 is associated with 85% of cancers annals. If you have developed discomfort and symptoms of the virus, the main thing is the curative and preventive gynecological check-up that will undoubtedly make a difference.
Where Should I Take the HIV Test?
If there is a suspicion of contagion, a health center specialized in primary care of cases of contagion due to sexually transmitted diseases should be used. They will be prepared for the attention of the case and will have the specialized research network of being positive the result of the HIV test. In the same way in any private health center these tests are performed anonymously, where no one will ask to be identified. If it is negative, they will ask to repeat it because the immune system takes between two and eight weeks to produce necessary antibodies to be reflected in the result.
The Pregnant Woman and the HIV Test:
As part of prevention campaigns, it is sought to inform women about the need to perform voluntarily, although it is only done with the patient’s consent, it has been sought for many years to promote women with precontrolled pregnancies and in precarious economic situations to be tested in order to control the virus from the beginning of the baby’s life if the result is positive. Thanks to the pressure exerted by health and disease control organizations, many countries are making HIV a requirement between the exams of the first trimester of pregnancy to all pregnant women without requiring the woman’s permission. This generates an ethical debate due to the cultural implications of making HIV known, but there is a question about what really matters in these cases where preserving public health is much more relevant.
The HIV Test Tested Positive What Do I do?
Knowing that she is infected turns out to be shocking news for any woman, but it does not mean the end of life. Currently, HIV can be treated with medications that will not cure AIDS, but will help the infected woman cope with her life even healthier than without treatment. If the result of the HIV test is positive, they will tell the patient what the current state of their organism is because of the virus, how the infection has progressed. Thanks to the early diagnosis, the progression of the HIV virus can be prevented so as not to reach the final stage known as AIDS.